Hostels are quite accommodating and well-built. There are six hostels named after famous dynasties. Each hostel has four barracks – two for juniors and two for seniors. All of them are attached with bathrooms and toilets. Each student is provided separate cot, bedding and cupboard. The hostel building also has recreational hall for study and recreation.
THE CHALUKYAS OF BADAMI
- Cadets’ Houses are named after the various dy¬nasties of Kamataka of Medival period except Wodeyar which is of modern period.
THE HOYSALAS OF
- The memorable rule of the Chalukyas of Vatapy, the present Badami, constitutes a brilliant epoch in the history of Karnataka in particular and Indian history in general. It was the first Karnataka dynasty to establish its name and fame throughout India. It is believed that the fame of the Chalukyas had spread as far as Persia during the reign of Pulkeshi, who defeated Harshavardhana, the North Indian Overlord.
- The hands of the Chalukyan Kings were not found wanting in any aspect of culture. The Chalukya rulers were Hindus but they were tolerant towards the Bud¬dhists and the Jains. They built a powerful navy and developed some sports encouraging trade with Arabia and Persia.
- Architecture reached its highest water mark un¬der the Chalukyas. The monuments and temples at Aihole, Badami and Pattadkal speak eloquently of the glory and grandeur of the Chalukyas.
- The Chalukyans of Badami ruled with their capi¬tal at Vatapi for a little more than two centuries. After an eclipse of two centuries, the Chalukyas revived their political power and ruled from Kalyan for a couple of centuries, after the decline of the rule of the Rashtrakutas.
THE ADILSHAHI DYNASTY OF BIJAPUR
- The glory and rule of the Hoysalas which spread over a period of more than three centuries forms the brightest chapter in the history of medieval Kamataka. The Hoysalas began their rule a.s the feudatories of the Chalukyas of Kalyan. When their power was on the decline, Hoysalas as¬serted their independence and established their su¬premacy over Karnataka.
- Nripakama was the founder of the Hoysala dy¬nasty. He is identified with ‘Sala’ from whom the dy¬nasty derived its name. The dynasty produced illustri¬ous monarchs like Vishnuvardhana, and Vir Ballala II who by their military exploits increased the power and prestige of the dynasty.
- The Hoysala period was known for great religious activity in Karnataka. The Great Vaishnava teacher, Ramanuja found refuge in the Hoysala Kingdom. Jainism was in a flourishing tondition.
- The benevolent and cultured Hoysala rulers encouraged Kannada and Sanskrit literature.
- Their rule wC!s remarkably admirable in the his¬tory of Indian art and they gave the name to their style of architecture - ’The Hoysala Style’. The temples of Belur, Halebid and Somanathapura are the standing testimony of their artistic excellence and architectural skills of their sculptors.
- Thus, the period of Hoysalas constitutes the glo¬rious epochs in the history of Karnataka.
THE VIJAYANAGAR DYNASTY OF HAMPI
- After the execution of Mohammed Gowan in 1481 A.D. The Bahamani Kingdom was split into five inde¬pendent Kingdoms and Bijapur was one of them.
- Yusuf Adilkhan who was the Governor of Bijapur declared his independence after the fall of the Bahamani Kingdom, took the title of ‘Shah’ and founded the Adilshahi dynasty in 1489 A.D.
- The Adilshahis ruled for about tw: ::enturies and their rule was remarkable with religious tolerance, artis¬tic excellence and architectural glory. Bijapur, the capital city became prosperous with flourishing trade and commerce.
- The ‘Bijapur School’ of painting speaks of their artistic taste in literary field. Arabic and Persian lan¬guages were patronized by the Adilshahi rulers.
- The greatest contribution of Adilshahi was that of their architectural eminence reached during the reign of Ibrahim Adilshah II. The Gol Gumbaz which is the second largest dome in the World with its whispering gallery, along with Ibrahim Rouza, Jamia Masjid and other monuments of Bijapur are the standing testimony of their cultural eminence.
THE WODEYARS OF MYSORE
- ‘The glory and rule of the Vijayanagar represents the era of a civilization, when the Spring and Summer of Indian Culture had been succeeded by a phase of civilization characterised by the rise of a new industrial system, an imperialism, and a city state with a highly urbanized civilisation.”
- The Vijayanagar Kingdom had a glorious history from 1336 to 1565 A.D. It was founded by Harihar Raya and Bukka Raya with its capital at Hastinapur of Hampi or Vijayanagar. During this period, it was ruled by three dynasties, viz., the Sangam Dynasty, the Saluva Dynasty and the Tuluva Dynasty.
- The Vijayanagar Kings patronized art and litera¬ture. Sanskrit, Telugu, Tamil and Kannada literature were encouraged by them. Krishnadeva Raya, the greatest of the Vijayanagar Kings was a great scholar himself in Telagu and his court was adomed with ‘Ashtadiggaja’ the eight eminent poets.
- The capital city Hampi was fabulously rich. The Persian traveller Abdul Razaak eulogised it in every glorious terms.
- The temples, decorated with paintings and sculp¬tures and other monuments in Hampi are the standing testimony of the grandeur and glory of the Vijayanagar Kingdom. It stood like bulwark of the conservation and preservation of the glorious culture of India and Hindu Dharma against the Muslim onslaught in the medieval India.
RASHTRAKOOTAS OF MALAKHED
- The Wodeyars of Mysore had a chequered his¬tory and began their rule as a feudatory power under Vijaynagar Empire. Having established their power in the 15th Century, the Wodeyars continued for long after the BattleofTalikota and ruled untill1757, when during the reign of Kantheerava Narasaraj Wodeyar II, Hyder Ali who in the service of the King’s army, usurped the throne and declared himself the King. Srirangapattana was the earlier capital of the Wodeyars, which later on was transferred to Mysore.
- Under the Dewanship of Stalwarts like Pumaiah, Sir Mokshagundaum Vishveshwaraya, Sir Mirja M. Ismail and others, the benevolent and cultured rule of the Wodeyars made rapid and remarkable progress in art and literature, trade and commerce, irrigation, indus¬try, railways and communications, etc.
- Bangalore, known as the “City of Gardens”, the Kannamabadi Dam, the Brindavan Gardens, the Mysore Palace, the Annual Dasara Procession, etc. speaks highly of th~ cultural taste and patronage of the Wodeyars.
- During the British regime, the princely Mysore State was considered to be a “Model State” in India and Mahatma Gandhi called it “Rama Rajya”.
- The period from 700A.D. to 1 000 A.D. constitutes a brilliant epoch in the political and cultural history of ancient Karpataka. During this period Rashtrakootas dominated the scene and richly contributed to the politi¬cal and cultural history of India. No other empire in India wielded so great an influence on northern India,like that of the Rashtrakootas during these three hun¬dred years.
- The Rashtrakootas began their political career as feudatatires of the Chalukyas of Badami and ultimately they founded their own dynasty in the middle of the seventh century replacing the Chalukyas. The founder of the Rashtrakoota dynasty was Dantidurga, a mon-arch of remarkable and brilliant abilities. They ruled from Malakhed of Gulbarga District of Kamataka. The last ruler Indra III was ultimately overthrown by the Chalukyas, who once again regained their supremacy over the Deccan.
- The glorious reign of Rashtrakootas saw at once the flOWing of literary activity both in Sanskrit and Kannada. There were a number of noted Sanskrit writers and poets, of them, mention must be made of Trivikrama, the author of ‘Naiachampu” Halayudha, the Jaina Scholars like Veerasena, Jainasena, Gunabhadra and Mathematician Mahaveer were in this age.
- The Rashtrakoota period witnessed the growth of Kannada language and literature. The Kannada works were produced by the Jain Poets. The illustrious King Amoghavarsha Nrupatunga was a great scholar and was the author of Kavirajmarga, the earliest treatise on poetics in Kannada. Kavichakravarthi Ponna was another great poet of this period. Pampa, the greatest among the classical Kannada poets, was patronised by Arikesari, the feudatory of Rashtrakoota. ‘Adipurana and Vikramarjuna Vijaya’ are his two great works. Temples andAgraharas were the centres of learning.
- Rashtrakootas were the followers of Vaishnavism. They had the emblem of ‘Eagle’. Jainism was the religion with royal patronage.
- By their splendid contributions the Rashtrakootas have created a unique position in the field of art, archi¬tecture and sculpture. The famous rock-cut shrines at Ellora and Elephanta belong to this period. The cel¬ebrated temple of Kailasa at Ellora and Elephanta also belong to this period. The celebrated temple of Kailasa at Ellora, built during about 100 feet in height, this not only is the most stupendous single work of art ex¬ecuted in India, but also an example of rock architec¬ture.
- The rock cut temples at Elephanta Island, near Mumbai is another outstanding monument of the period. The T rimurthi Sculpture at Elephanta in particular praise¬worthy.
- Through, much of the temple - paintings of this period were lost by us, their fragments are even now seen in porch of the great temple of Kailasa at Ellora and the cuttings of the Mahesamurthi shrine at Elephanta.
- Thus, the Rashtrakootas would justify the state¬ment, • the foremost contribution of the Rashtrakootas to the world of culture lay largely in the field of architecture and sculpture.”